García-Díez el al., 2014: VERTEBRATE COLLECTION EBD-CSIC
Herpetological collection
giving service and are opened to the whole
The herpetological collection is formed by
scientific community.
23,616 reptiles and 11,000 amphibians, of
The main collection services are inquiries and
which Squamata represent over 63.3%. Most of
loans. They are consulted by national and
the specimens were fixed in formaldehyde and
international researchers, attending about 100
then kept in ethanol 70%. The Iberian
requests per year, involving more than 1,000
herpetofauna
is
well
represented,
most
specimens. There is an active entry of material
importantly
the
regions
Andalusia,
the
coming mainly from donations and the
Cantabrian coast and the Canary Islands. The
incorporation of private material.
collection gathered in Morocco and Western
All information related to services as well as
Sahara is valuable both due to the number of
the catalog of specimens preserved in the EBD
specimens and the species diversity. The
collections is available at the collections website
collections from Equatorial Guinea, Venezuela
(
http://webext.ebd.csic.es/catalogocolecciones).
and Bolivia, Mexico, the Chaco region,
Currently, specific software (IT app.) is being
Amazonia, Andes, and some other areas in
developed and will allow a scientific and
Central and South America are also remarkable
administrative management of the collections.
(Padial et al., 2003).
A new website (
http://www.ebd.csic.es/web/
colecciones
) will soon provide public access to
information, loans, inquiries, etc.
The EBD has been involved with the GBIF
Fish collection
Project
(Global
Biodiversity
Information
There are 8,666 fish specimens fixed in
Facility), which has the goal of providing free
formaldehyde and kept in ethanol 70%. The
and open access to world-wide biodiversity
fish collections houses basically fresh-water
information. Between March 2006 and June
specimens that still need an in-depth study. As
2008, 35,000 records from the EBD Collections
a consequence, the actual number of species
were up-loaded to the GBIF network, and this
represented is still unknown. From the holdings
information is available through the GBIF portal
of the Iberian Peninsula, those from Doñana's
(
www.gbif.org).
marshes and the mouth of the Guadalquivir
stand out in terms of their numerical
representation. The holdings of some of the last
CONCLUSION
specimens of the extinct Iberian population of
sturgeons are particularly important. Also, the
The vertebrate collections of the EBD arose 50
collection of the ichthyofauna of Equatorial
years ago as a consequence of the scarcity of
Guinea is outstanding in terms of numbers of
this type of resource for the Spanish scientific
specimens and species represented, as well as
community. In spite of their relative youth,
the one from the Amazonian basin.
these collections are of big interest particularly
due to their wide geographical representation,
their taxonomic diversity, and the conservation
Tissue collection
quality of the material, as well as the
A new collection of tissues was started in 2010,
information associated with the specimens.
and currently counts 5,500 vials of 2,439
Facing the future, and in addition to continuing
different specimens belonging to 400 species.
the tasks of management and preservation of
As many as 3,300 samples are kept in 70-96%
the holdings and the incorporation of new
ethanol and other 2,200 are frozen in -20º
material, the fundamental goal will be to
freezers. The best represented groups are
highlight the importance of these collections by
raptors and cetaceans, and they come mainly
increasing their international visibility and by
from Andalusia.
making their content easily available to the
scientific community world-wide.
SERVICES
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
EBD collections were started to fill the almost
empty space existing in relation to reference
We want to thank Marina Gómez and Luis
collections of vertebrates in Spain and to
Torres for their technical support, and to Miguel
support the research carried out by the EBD
Delibes, Ana Andreu, and Manuel López for
researchers. Nowadays, the collections keep
sharing their memories regarding the origin of
116
Journal of Paleontological Techniques