García-Díez el al., 2014: VERTEBRATE COLLECTION EBD-CSIC
most valuable holdings are the important
of new taxa that were described based on this
representations of threatened species such as
material.
the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus), the Spanish
The cetacean collection is remarkable as well.
imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti), the bearded
It is composed by specimens stranded in the
vulture
(Gypaetus
barbatus)
or
species
Andalusian coasts, mainly in the Gulf of Cadiz.
considered extinct in Andalusia like the
It is still a very active collection and one of the
European sea sturgeon (Acipenser sturio) or
richest in Spain.
the Common buttonquail (Turnix sylvaticus).
Finally, one should mention the excellent series
Most of the material contains associated
of the Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus), which is
information of locality, date of collection, sex,
considered the most endangered cat in the
measurements, etc, which makes the EBD
world. There are more than 350 different
collections very valuable. Specimens come
specimens, which are of great scientific
mainly from the Iberian Peninsula and from
relevance, due to the risk of species extinction.
regions that are poorly represented in other
collections in Spain, such as North and West
Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Gabon, Equatorial
Bird collection
Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe, Angola), South
The bird collection currently counts 26,396
and Central America (Venezuela, Ecuador,
registered specimens belonging to 26 different
Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina, Nicaragua,
orders. The best represented is Passeriformes
Panama, Mexico), and, to a lesser extent,
with 10,288 specimens. These collections stand
Central and South East of Asia (Kazakhstan,
out for two main reasons: a) the complete
Laos, Vietnam).
information associated with the specimens,
including geographical metadata, biometry, and
collection date, and b) the quality of the
Mammal collection
taxidermy work, which has allowed their
These collections are of great scientific value
preservation in time. About 80% of the bird
due to the geographical areas represented,
specimens are study skins, but there are also
their high taxonomic diversity and the good
skeletons, eggs, and some fluid-preserved
temporal series preserved. The collections
specimens. The Iberian Peninsula is well
consist of specimens from the Palearctic (Spain,
represented, especially the marshes of the
Portugal, Morocco, Western Sahara), Africa
Guadalquivir River. There are also good
(Cameroon, Gulf of Guinea, Angola, Gabon and
representations from the Western Sahara,
Ethiopia), the Neotropics (Argentina, Paraguay,
Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe,
Bolivia,
Ecuador,
Venezuela,
Panama,
Nicaragua, Central Andes and the Chaco region
Nicaragua, Mexico), and South East Asia (Laos,
(Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay). The series
Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia). They count
of skins of partridges (Alectoris rufa) from the
30,000 specimens of 20 different orders,
Iberian
Peninsula
collected
before
Rodentia and Chiroptera being the best
reintroduction of captivity-born specimens took
represented.
place, are remarkable, as are the large number
The Chiroptera collection houses about 8,500
of Spanish imperial eagle (Aquila adalberti)
specimens of 271 species, belonging to 14 of
skins and eggs. It is also worth to mention the
the 18 families currently accepted. Within
scientific value of the important representation
them, there is a great representation of the
of eggs of different species from Doñana's area
Gulf of Guinea (Bioko, São Tomé and Príncipe
collected after the accident of the Aznalcóllar
and Annobon Islands, and the Rio Muni region
Mine (1988), in which a spillover of waters
of Equatorial Guinea in the mainland), with
polluted with dangerous levels of heavy metals
2,000 specimens belonging to 64 species. This
reached Doñana National Park. Finally, the
Chiroptera collection is particularly interesting
collection includes a large series of albatrosses
because the covered area is considered a hot
and other sea birds from Namibia, as well as
spot of biodiversity, with 60% of endemic
hummingbirds and other birds from the Andes
vertebrate fauna. These collections are the
and from tropical South America (Venezuela,
result of several years of study by researchers
Paraguay, Bolivia and Argentina).
at the EBD, and include several type specimens
114
Journal of Paleontological Techniques