García-Díez el al., 2014: VERTEBRATE COLLECTION EBD-CSIC
The
collections
of
capercaillies
(Tetrao
the next directorships of the EBD from
urogallus), partridges (Alectorix rufa), as well
Professors Miguel Delibes, Miguel Ferrer, and
as Iberian carnivores, such as wolves (Canis
Fernando Hiraldo to the present EBD director,
lupus), insectivores, and rodents from the
Prof. Juan José Negro. In this modern
north and center of the Iberian Peninsula were
conception of the EBD collections, growing was
particularly important. The other part of the
not
assumed
as
a
first
priority,
and
collection made by the group of students in
consequently
the
massive
entrance
of
Madrid went to the `Unidad de Zoología
specimens slowed down. In fact, focus was put
Aplicada', and was finally incorporated in the
on the registration, cataloging, and correcting
collections of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias
computerization errors and to assure the
Naturales at Madrid. During Prof. Castroviejo's
correct preservation of the holdings of the
leadership,
the
EBD
collections
were
collections.
consolidated and reinforced. The EBD was
Nowadays, new acquisitions come mainly from
moved to the `Pabellón del Perú', a building
the Red de Centros de Recuperación de
originally part of the 'Exposición Internacional
Especies Amenazadas (CREAs), belonging to
Iberoamericana' held in Seville in 1929, which
the regional autonomic administration of the
counted with new facilities for the storage and
Junta de Andalucía, with which EBD has made
preparation of the material, such as large
an arrangement. Another important source of
storage
rooms,
compact
cabinets,
an
new material comprises the incorporation of
appropriate preparation room and a large cold
stranded cetaceans along the Andalusian
storing room. Prof. Castroviejo also provided
coasts. Finally, and to a lesser extent, some
the collections with staff for their management
specimens come from donations of researchers
and maintenance, and taxidermists to prepare
or private collections, materials obtained from
the specimens, promoted workshops for
research studies, deprivations, etc. In 2008,
students to be introduced in taxidermy and
the EBD headquarters moved again, together
created a first permanent position of a curator.
with all the collections, to a new building
During this period the first computerization
located in Isla de la Cartuja, in the outskirts of
process began and the first basic inventories
Seville. Again, this move presented new
were made (De la Riva & Mateo, 1991; Cabot,
possibilities
regarding
better
and
more
1991). Prof. Castroviejo's legacy includes an
appropriate facilities such as new compact
impressive growth of the EBD collections in the
cabinets and larger spaces. In 2010, a new
latest 70's and 80's. In this time, several
tissue collection was started, which currently
important expeditions were organized to collect
contains 5,500 vials.
specimens for faunistic inventories in America
and Africa associated to several PhD studies
that contributed to the consolidation of an
RELEVANCE
important
generation
of
new
Spanish
zoologists. The collecting efforts led to a
As a result of the work of collection,
representation of international importance of
documentation and registration, the EBD owns
specimens from these areas. Mammals, birds,
a large scientific collection, which can be
reptiles, and amphibians from Mexico, Central
considered one of the most important in Spain.
America (Nicaragua, Panama), South America
It is the second in Spain in number of
(mainly Venezuela and Bolivia, but also
vertebrate specimens, following the Museo
Ecuador, Paraguay, Argentina, and Chile), North
Nacional de Ciencias Naturales at Madrid
Africa
(Morocco,
Algeria,
Tunisia),
and
(González, 2012).
Equatorial Guinea in Central Africa, were
In the EBD collections, 52 orders, 300 families,
incorporated to the EBD collections, which
1,640
genera,
and
2,831
species
are
probably still represent the best collections in
represented (excluding fishes). They currently
the world for some remote areas. Besides,
house over 100,000 cataloged specimens,
important vertebrate material from the Iberian
representing approximately 30,000 mammals,
Peninsula
(Cantabrian
coast,
Pyrenees,
26,400
birds,
23,600
reptiles,
11,000
Andalusia, Castile and Leon, Canary Islands...)
amphibians, and 8,600 fishes (Table 1). Most of
was continuously incorporated to the EBD
the mammals and birds are preserved as dried
collections.
preparations of skins and skeletons, whereas
Since
1988,
after
Prof.
Castroviejo's
amphibians, reptiles, and fishes are fluid-
resignation, the general policy regarding the
preserved. It also includes eggs, nests, antlers,
EBD collections have changed profoundly under
turtle shells, and tissue samples. Among the
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Journal of Paleontological Techniques