García-Díez el al., 2014: VERTEBRATE COLLECTION EBD-CSIC
INTRODUCTION
Between 1955 and 1972, he carried out several
expeditions to barely known regions of the
The origin of the scientific collections of
Western
Sahara. He
also organized an
vertebrates of the Estación Biológica de Doñana
expedition to Equatorial Guinea and Gabon and
(EBD) is linked to the origin of the Estación
many others across the Iberian Peninsula and
Biológica itself and to the life and work of his
Morocco (Valverde, 2004). All field notes of
founder, J. A. Valverde. Valverde was a
Prof. Valverde were donated to the University of
naturalist, zoologist and research professor of
Salamanca and are nowadays available through
the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones
internet
.(http://gredos.usal.es/jspui/handle/10
Científicas
(CSIC),
who
made
important
366/3698
). After his death in 2003, also his
contributions to the knowledge of human
important personal collections under study
evolution
and
ecology
of
vertebrate
were donated to the EBD by his widow.
communities (Valverde, 2003a: 11). Between
Prof. Valverde directed the EBD until 1974, and
1957 and 1963, Prof. Valverde started the
was replaced by Prof. Javier Castroviejo in
scientific collections at the `Instituto de
1975. Prof. Castroviejo had spent some time in
Aclimatación de Almería', where he was
Germany, where he learned a classical
working at that time. Some years later, those
approach to museums and collections. He
collections would become the core of the EBD
began preparing specimens with Prof. Valverde
vertebrate collections (Valverde, 2003b: 28).
at the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales-
Later, he moved to Madrid to design the
CSIC. Together with other young naturalists
organizational structure of the future Doñana
and biologists, Castroviejo started a group in
Biological Station, founded in 1964. He
Madrid that was collecting and preparing
conceived a zoological center prioritizing
vertebrates throughout the Iberian Peninsula
ecology, with room for a library, laboratories
and accumulated a collection of over 25,000
and scientific collections linked to a taxidermy
specimens within several years. When he
facility for the preparation of specimens. The
started leading the EBD, he added part of these
first head office was in a small house in Seville
collections to the holdings gathered at the EBD
in the neighborhood of Heliópolis (Figure 1).
by Prof. Valverde.
Figure 1: Prof. Valverde (first on the left) in front of the first head office of the EBD.
112
Journal of Paleontological Techniques